AWS KMS External Key Store (XKS) with Fortanix DSM

Move workloads with privacy-regulated data to the AWS platform with Fortanix Data Security Manager (DSM). DSM is a centralized key manager to create, store, and track your encryption keys separately from the data in the cloud. Fortanix DSM as an external key manager helps organizations with security and privacy regulations such as the GDPR and Schrems II.

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Overview

Regulations like the Schrems II ruling and GDPR require organizations to be able to revoke data access at any time, and to segregate encryption keys from data on the cloud. An external key store—sometimes called a Bring-Your-Own-Key-Management-System (BYOKMS)—introduces an extra encryption layer to give organizations full control of their keys. With Fortanix DSM, organizations can centrally manage the key lifecycle, with granular access control and comprehensive logs to simplify the auditing process.
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Fortanix Solution

Fortanix DSM functions as an external key store for AWS to enable organizations to move the data to the cloud with the highest level of security and control for their keys. Encryption keys are under complete customer control and secured by FIPS 140-2 level 3 certified HSMs, segregated from the cloud data. Fortanix DSM users get a centralized solution to get control the lifecycle of their keys, no matter if they are used on-premises, or in the cloud.

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Benefits

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Complete Customer Control

Organizations that want to fully control their risk must have full control of the keys that protect their data. By using the KMS solution from their cloud provider, they trade proximity for exclusive control. Cloud providers can be forced by a court order to hand over keys and data. With DSM as an external key store, organizations have full control and ownership of their keys and data. To further meet regulation mandates, Fortanix DSM also provides a kill-switch functionality. This allows administrators to immediately block access to data-at-rest on the AWS platform with just a couple of clicks to change permissions for any, or specific, instances and locations.
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Centralized Policy Management

Define, enforce, and track data access policies from a single interface, and accelerate cloud migration. Fortanix DSM provides a single and secure source to protect keys and data, regardless of whether they are used on-premises, or in the cloud. DSM provides granular, role-based policies, including quorum approvals, and integrates seamlessly with existing authentication identity providers. 
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Automated Key Management

Automate the complete key lifecycle from generation, rotation, expiration, to revocation to ensure secure and consistent key management across on-premises and (multi)cloud environments. DSM provides state-of-the-art automation features like automatic key rotation, one-click rotation across regions and clouds, automatic key expiration-based key rotations, and automatic alerting based on key state changes.
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Secure and Flexible Deployment

Fortanix DSM is available as a SaaS platform, and as a physical or virtual appliance to best fit your environment. No matter your deployment preference, keys are protected by FIPS 14-2 Level 3 certified Hardware Security Modules (HSMs) and neither AWS nor Fortanix have access to them. Data-in-use is continuously protected by Intel® SGX Secure Enclave technology.

How Does AWS External Key Store with Fortanix DSM Work?

As shown in the diagram below, XKS allows AWS KMS to use external, customer-managed Root Keys, which increases the customer’s control of their key management and data protection initiatives.The customer’s Root Keys are generated, protected, and used wholly within Fortanix DSM. AWS KMS calls DSM to unwrap Data Encryption Keys (DEKs) for use by the AWS services it supports. DSM enforces granular access control and key usage policies. DEKs protected by an XKS are doubly enveloped (encrypted): once by KMS, and once by DSM. Every time the key is used by a KMS client, KMS requests Fortanix DSM to open the blue envelope and we send the gray envelope back to them to decrypt. This way, Fortanix never sees the customer’s keys.

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