Code Signing, Certificates, StampingWhat is a Digital Certificate?What is a Certificate Authority?What is Code Signing?What is a Digital Signature?What is Time Stamping?
Key & Secrets ManagementWhat is Encryption Key Management?What is Secrets Management? What is a Centralized Key Management System? What is Bring Your Own Key (BYOK)? What is a Credentials Management System? What is Key Management Interoperability Protocol (KMIP)? What is a Symmetric Key? What is an Asymmetric Key? What is Key Lifecycle Management?
Multi-Cloud Data SecurityHow do I move my existing data security controls from On-Prem to the Cloud? How do I protect data as I move and store it in the Cloud? How do I ensure the cloud provider does not access my data?Can I use my encryption keys in the Cloud?How do I enforce data residency policies in the Cloud and comply with GDPR? How do I track and monitor data access and usage in the Cloud? Can I secure containers in the cloud or across different clouds? What is the Shared Security Model? What is multi-cloud key management?
Google External Key Manager Service (EKM)What is Google Cloud’s External Key Manager Service?How does Google Cloud’s External Key Manager work?What are the benefits of Key provenance in Google EKM? What are the benefits of Key centralization in Google EKM?What are the benefits of Key control in Google EKM?How Do You Decide When and How Can Your Data Be Decrypted? What are the requirements when implementing External Key Management? What are the Service integrations and technical considerations in Google EKMWhich GCP services are supported by Fortanix DSM? How Is Google EKM Available with Fortanix Integration? How does international data transfer from Europe work with Fortanix?
AWS External Key StoreWhat is the AWS KMS eXternal Key Store (XKS) service? How does AWS XKS with Fortanix DSM work? What are the benefits of AWS XKS and Fortanix Integration?What are the benefits of Key provenance in AWS XKS?What are the benefits of Key centralization in AWS XKS?What are the benefits of Key control in AWS XKS?Which AWS cloud services are supported by AWS KMS External Key Store? How can AWS XKS integrate with Fortanix DSM? How does international data transfer from Europe work with Fortanix? How does Fortanix DSM as XKS affect KMS service reliability and performance? What is the latency of the XKS service offered by DSM SaaS? Do AWS Services cache Data Encryption Keys serve by AWS KMS? For how long?
Public Key InfrastructureWhat is PKI?What is the role of Certificate Authorities (CAs)?What is certification authority or root private key theft? What is inadequate separation (segregation) of duties for PKIs? What is insufficient scalability in a PKI?What is a subversion of online certificate validation?What is a lack of trust and non-repudiation in a PKI?
EncryptionWhat is Storage Encryption?What is Network Encryption?What is Transparent Encryption?What is End-to-End Encryption?What is Point-to-Point Encryption?What is Application Layer Encryption?What is Tokenization?What is Dynamic Masking?What is Data at Rest?What is Full-Disk Encryption (FDE) and What are Self-Encrypting Drives (SED)?What is data center interconnect (DCI) layer 2 encryption?
Hardware Security ModuleWhat is a Hardware Security Module (HSM)?How a Hardware Security Module (HSM) works?How are keys and other sensitive data stored and managed in an HSM?What are the compliance standards that an HSM must meet?What is HSM SaaS?How does HSM SaaS differ from physical HSMs?How does an HSM SaaS protect against tampering and unauthorized access in a cloud environment?What are the benefits of using HSM SaaS?How does HSM SaaS ensure the security of sensitive data?Can HSM SaaS be used with existing systems and processes?How does HSM SaaS ensure the availability and reliability of sensitive data?Who can benefit from using HSM SaaS?What is FIPS 140-2 Level 3 HSM
Zero Trust ArchitectureWhat is Zero Trust Architecture in data security?Why are traditional approaches to protecting data not effective anymore?According to NIST, what are the key principles of Zero Trust Architecture?What are some popular ways of implementing Zero Trust Architecture?What are the considerations when implementing Zero Trust cryptography?Why do you need Zero Trust security in the cloud? How does Zero Trust Architecture solve today's challenges in cloud security?How does confidential computing enhance Zero Trust?
Confidential ComputingWhat is Confidential Computing?What are the origins Of Confidential Computing?What companies are driving the adoption of Confidential Computing?How does Confidential Computing protect data?What are the benefits of using Confidential Computing?How does Confidential Computing help with regulatory compliance requirements?Who Needs Confidential Computing?What are some examples of Confidential Computing use cases?
What is a Certificate Authority?
A certificate authority is a trusted entity that verifies the authenticity of websites, email addresses, organizations, and individuals and binds them to cryptographic keys by issuing digital certificates.
A popular and most common example is the HTTPS browsing protocol for websites. Users can identify that they are connected to the original website and avoid falling victim to phishing scams.
This website example is known as an SSL/TLS certificate. There are three different types of TLS certificates that CAs issue: domain validation (DV), organization validation (OV), and extended validation (EV).
Besides TLS certificates, they also issue other digital certificates, such as Code signing certificates, email certificates, device certificates, and user or client certificates, device certificates, and user or client certificates.
Certificate authorities use asymmetric encryption and Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to issue certificates. Certificate authorities also maintain a Certificate Revocation List (CRL) to revoke certificates if the credentials have been compromised.
A public Certificate Authority is a third-party entity that issues certificates to other organizations/Because public CAs comply with the regulatory standards outlined by the CA/Browser Forum (CA/B Forum), they are widely accepted as a trusted source across the internet.
Some of the most popular public CAs are IdenTrust, DigiCert, Sectigo, GoDaddy, GlobalSign, Let's Encrypt, etc. In comparison, a private certificate authority is owned by an organization and follows internal procedures to confirm the security of that organization.
It can be trusted within the organization's periphery and cannot be used for any external purposes.
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